Here I am talking about the IAC of 3 cables, toyota model. How to perform tests, with tester, multimeter measurement and electrical diagram that will let them know if it works or not.
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I will explain the operation for IAC 3 cables models after 2002.
For previous models clic here
These IACs work the same as their predecessors, but with the variant that the control system of the IAC is within the IAC itself. That is, the modulation control circuit for both opening and closing windings are within the IAC. This reduces the size and warming of the main control module, as well as making it less prone to damaging the IAC, compromising the vehicle's computer.
For compatibility, the pins were left as is the previous IAC. But with the caveat that there is only one pin that is subjected to the pulse width modulation (PWM) action as seen in the following figure.
If the computer wants to open the valve, it gives pulses of short duration in ON. To close it is the opposite process, it gives long pulses in ON. In the following figure you can see this behavior in the pulse train.
The initial wave corresponds to IAC fully open. And the last one corresponds to a totally closed IAC.
Like its predecessor, it also has a spring that puts it in the central position in case of any damage, it takes it to a safe point of operation for the engine (which does not turn off).
It is important to clarify the command signal of this pin must be negative.
The pins of this connector are 3:
Positive power (+ 12V)
Modulated signal to Open the IAC (negative signal)
In the following figure you can see a typical IAC of three cables.
Identifying the pins of the IAC, is not as simple as the previous IAC of 3 cables. The only thing that can be measured with a multimeter is that all the pins are not communicated. That is, they do not have a resistance lower than 200k ohms between any of them. The power supply is usually identified by placing the ohmmeter on a scale greater than 1 M ohms and measuring the central one with respect to the sides. Whoever has measurement there is feeding the IAC. The procedure is shown below:
Make the measurements as indicated in the image below:
The measurements should give as what they show in steps 1, 2 and 3. These correspond to the diagram seen to the right of the image, where the central would be the common and the lateral terminals are those that we are going to test.
In this case, the terminals would be as seen in the following table:
It's very simple and you do not need a tester for this. already having the terminals identified, we can directly energize the IAC following the following diagrams:
We connect the positive 12V battery to the terminal + B which in this case is the central terminal, and the negative to the GND. You have to see a movement to close everything and then open the IAC. There is no need to pulse through the PWM pin because it will not react unless the frequency exceeds 20hz. If when we energize the IAC, there is movement, it means that the control is working correctly.
Cleaning it consists of pouring solvent into the mechanism of action of the IAC to remove the black soot from the combustion residues. Try as much as possible to place the valve so that the dirty liquid comes out of it so as not to clog the piston or the shaft.
After cleaning everything you can with solvent, if they operate it in the way you teach them, they will make cleaning it much more effective. Since the movement while pouring the solvent removes the soot that is trapped where we can not physically reach with a rag.
I hope you liked this short tutorial, if you have any questions or suggestions, below in the question box you can make them.
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